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To be (être)

(To be)

Introduction

On utilise le verbe "to be" avec
Par exemple:

Présent Passé
I am tired. / I'm tired. I was tired.
She is a doctor. / She's a doctor. She was a doctor.
They are students. / They're students. They were students.
I am here. I was here.
We are at the hospital. We were at the hospital.

Section 1 - "be" (forme affirmative)

On utilise:
"am", "is", "are" / "'m", "'s", "'re"
ou "was" / "were".


Par exemple - présent:

I am

(I'm)
happy.
She / He / It is

(She's / He's / It's)
You
We
They
are

(You're
We're
They're)

I am

(I'm)
an engineer.
She / He / It is

(She's / He's / It's)
You are

(You're
We're
They're)
an engineer.
engineers.
We
They
engineers.

Par exemple - passé:

I
She / He / It
was happy.
You
We
They
were
I
She / He / It
was an engineer.
You were an engineer.
engineers.
We
They
engineers.

Exercices d'entraînement

Complétez les phrases avec la forme affirmative correcte du verbe "be".


Présent
  • I hungry.
     
  • My sister and I singers.
     
  • My dog very young.
     

Passé
  • It a dangerous mountain.
     
  • They late for work.
     
  • The house very old.
     

Section 2 - "be" (forme négative))

Pour former une phrase négative, on utilise
"am not", "is not", "are not" / "'m not", "isn't", "aren't"
ou "wasn't" / "weren't".



Par exemple - présent:

I am not
'm not
happy.
She / He / It is not
isn't
You
We
They
are not
aren't

I am not
'm not
an engineer.
She / He / It is not
isn't
You are not
aren't
an engineer.
engineers.
We
They
are not
aren't
engineers.

Par exemple - passé:

I
She / He / It
was not
wasn't
happy.
You
We
They
were not
weren't

I
She / He / It
was not
wasn't
an engineer.
You were not
weren't
an engineer.
engineers.
We
They
engineers.

Exercices d'entraînement

Complétez les phrases avec la forme négative correcte du verbe "be".


Présent
  • Polly an actress.
     
  • David and Jim fat.
     
  • I a good swimmer.
     

Past
  • The weather good yesterday.
     
  • My parents poor.
     
  • We at the cinema last night.
     

Section 3 - "be" (forme interrogative)

Pour former des questions, on met
"am", "is", "are" or "was", "were" avant le sujet.


Par exemple - présent:

Am I happy?
Is she / he / it
Are you
we
they

Am I an engineer?
Is she / he / it
Are you an engineer?
engineers?
we
they
engineers?

Par exemple - passé:

Was I
she / he / it
happy?
Were you
we
they

Was I
she / he / it
an engineer?
Were you an engineer?
engineers?
we
they
engineers?

Entraînement

Complétez les questions avec la forme correcte du verbe "be".


Présent
  • Pierre French?
     
  • the books on the shelf?
     
  • I late?
     

Passé
  • your parents at home?
     
  • he a fireman.
     
  • I right?
     

E xercices d'entraînement supplémentaires

Choisissez la réponse correcte pour compléter la phrase; a, b, c ou d.

Vérifier mes réponses

Lecture supplémentaire

Le verbe "be" est aussi un auxiliaire et est utilisé pour former des temps continus/progressifs:
Voir les différentes feuilles de travail pour des explications sur ces temps.

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Getting Started
Free
Create account
 
General vocabulary trainer – save your score, access audio files
 
Business vocabulary trainer including audio files
 
Idiom trainer
 
Grammar trainer - save your score
 
Video lessons - 4 lessons including English for emails and presentations
 
Video lessons - 10 additional video lessons including English for finance, strategy, M&A, job interviews
 
Dictation - general English exercises
 
Dictation - business English exercises