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Zero conditional (if)


Introduction

We use the zero conditional to describe the result of an action when the result is always or usually the same, for example: Examples

Form

The zero conditional has two clauses:
the conditional clause and the main clause.

Conditional clause

This clause describes the action or condition that makes the main clause true.

We can use "when" or "if": We can use any form of present tense in English in the conditional clause, for example: Main clause

This clause describes the result of the conditional clause. We use the present simple and the imperative:

Order

The order of the clauses does not matter: the meaning is the same.


Practice

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in brackets:
.
1)
When David is working, he    to music. (listen)

 
2)
I usually order Chinese food if I    home late. (get)

 
3)
James and Peter    shopping when they are on holiday. (not like)

 
4)
If I    early for work, the trains are less crowded. (leave)

 

Further practice

Complete the sentences with the correct answer from a, b, c or d:
.
1)
If you go to London, ____ the Tate Modern gallery.
 

 

2)
Our boss is unhappy if we ____ late for work.
 

 

3)
When I go to the supermarket, I always ____ the car.
 

 

4)
If I go to the beach, I ____ to read a book.
 

 

5)
If you ____ hungry, don’t have dessert.
 

 

6)
My cat always lies in the garden when it ____ sunny.
 

 

Intermediate level language point

We can use "unless" as an alternative to "if + not".

"if" + "not": unless:

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