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Present simple


Introduction

We use the present simple

Part 1 - Present simple positive

We usually use the base form of the verb for "I" / "you" / "we" / "they". For "he" / "she" / "it", we change the verb to end with "-s", "-es" or "-ies".

For example:
I
You
We
They
eat
play
watch
worry
He / She / It eats
plays
watches
worries

Examples:


Practice


  • The sky blue. (be)
     
  • Tom and Sarah three children. (have)
     
  • David to the cinema every weekend. (go)
     
  • I three languages. (speak)
     
  • Sarah English every evening. (study)
     
  • We cold in winter. (feel)
     
  • James and Susanna very tired. (be)
     
  • You never my birthday. (forget)
     
  • Jason television in the evenings. (watch)
     

Part 2 - Present simple negative

We do not change the verb in negative forms. Instead, we use the verb "do" and change it for "he" / "she" / "it".

For example:

I
You
We
They
do not
don't
drink milk.
He / She / It does not
doesn't

Practice


  • They meat. (eat)
     
  • Cats cheese. (like)
     
  • Simon pets. (have)
     
  • We in the city. (live)
     

Part 3 - Present simple questions

We do not change the verb in question forms. Instead, we use the verb "do" and change it for "he" / "she" / "it"

Question:
Do I
You
We
They
drink milk?
Does He / She / It

Answer:
Yes, I
You
We
They
do.
He / She / It does.
No, I
You
We
They
don't.
do not.
He / She / It doesn't.
does not.

Practice


  • you any breakfast? (want)
     
  • they children? (have)
     
  • he the piano? (play)
     
  • we his address? (know)
     

Further practice

Choose the correct answer to complete the sentence: a, b, c or d.



Check my answers

Intermediate language point

We also use the present simple for when something happens in the future:

I
You
We
They
leave this evening.
He / She / It leaves

Examples:

Positive My flight leaves tomorrow morning.
Negative Our flight doesn't leave tomorrow morning.
Question Does her flight leave tomorrow morning?

Intermediate language point

Sometimes we use the negative form in a question, usually to show surprise:

Do I
you
we
they
not drink milk?
Does he / she / it

Don't I
you
we
they
drink milk?
Doesn't he / she / it

Examples:


Related links

The following exercises include use of this grammar structure:
 
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