Relative pronouns - an introduction
who, which, that
Relative clauses tell us what person or thing someone is talking about, or give us more information about that person or thing.
We use "who", "which" and "that" as relative pronouns to:
- replace the subject or object
- introduce a relative clause
- connect separate clauses together in a single sentence.
- The man is an English teacher. He lives in London.
In the second example, "who" introduces the relative clause. The relative clause must have a subject so "who" replaces "He" because we cannot repeat "He" or "The man".
The relative clause tells the listener which man the speaker is talking about.
- "who" for people
- "which" for things
- "that" for both people and things.
- What is a fork?
This is the woman. She works in my office.
This is the woman who / that
works in my office.
A woman called. She wanted your email address.
The woman who / that
called wanted your email address.
This is the book. I enjoyed it.
This is the book which / that
Complete the sentences with "who" or "which":