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Comparatives / superlatives (than)

Comparatives - introduction

We use the comparative structure to compare two or more things:

Comparatives - form

We make the comparative with:
comparative adjective + "than"
or
"not as" + base adjective + "as".

If we use "as" + adjective + "as" in the positive, it means the two things are the same:
Making comparative adjectives
  1. For one-syllable adjectives such as: big or sad, we double the final consonant and add "er":
    • bigger
    • sadder
    If the base adjective ends with a double consonant we just add "er":
    • smaller
    • taller
  2. For adjectives with two or more syllables we put "more" or "less" before the adjective:
    • more expensive, less expensive
    • more exciting, less exciting
  3. For two-syllable adjectives which end with the consonant "y", we take away "y" and add "ier":
    • happier
    • crazier

Irregular comparative adjectives include:
We can use determiners before comparative adjectives to modify or add emphasis:

Practice

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the adjective in brackets:

  • A new car is than an old car. (expensive)
     
  • Sophie is a singer than Maria. (good)
     
  • Maths is than physics. (easy)
     
  • A king is than a doctor. (rich)
     

Superlatives - introduction

We use the superlative structure to say that something is more than all the others in a group:

Superlatives - form

We make the superlative with: "the" + superlative adjective

Making superlative adjectives Irregular superlative adjectives include:

Practice

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the adjective in brackets.

  • Paul is the singer in the group. (bad)
     
  • Mrs Smith is the teacher in the college. (amazing)
     
  • That man has the dog on our street. (wild)
     
  • That is the movie I have ever seen. (funny)
     

Further practice

Complete the sentences with the correct answer from a, b, c or d:



Check my answers

Further language point

Sometimes we talk about how something is done and so we use adverbs to describe the verb:

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