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Past perfect


Introduction

We use the past perfect to describe:
Examples:

Form

We form the past perfect with "had" + past participle:

Positive I / You / We / They
He / She / It
'd
had
been there before.
Negative hadn't
had not

question Had I / you / we / they
he / she / it
been there before?

Examples


Practice

Complete the sentences with the past perfect positive, negative or question form of the verb in brackets:


  • I to see him at the party last night but he wasn’t there. (expect)
     
  • They that it was raining when they left the house. (not realise)
     
  • he the company before he went for the interview? (research)
     
  • They didn’t receive my letter because I it to the wrong address. (send)
     

Further practice

Complete the sentences with the correct answer from a, b, c or d:



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Further language point

We use the past perfect with "ever" / "never" to describe the subject’s experience at a time in the past (we use the present perfect to describe the subject’s experience including up to the present):

Positive I / You / We / They / She / He / It 'd
had
never been to Italy.
Negative hadn't
had not
ever

question Had I / you / we / they / she / he / it ever been to Italy?


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