Inicio Gramática intermedio Los adverbios de grado

Los adverbios de grado

(Adverbs of degree)

Introducción

Se usan los adverbios de grado para describir el grado (intensidad o cantidad) de un adjetivo, adverbio o verbo.

Se puede usar “not” para formar una frase negativa con algunos adverbios de grado.

Ejemplos

Forma - afirmativa

Se pone generalmente el adverbio de grado antes del adjetivo, adverbio o verbo principal (después de los verbos auxiliares), pero en algunos casos se pone después, como se muestra en la tabla:

significado adverbio de grado adjetivo adverbio verbo
grado excesivo too too long too loudly -
("I play football too" = "I play football as well")
el grado máximo completely completely different - completely finish
or
finish completely
en grado muy intenso extremely extremely tiring extremely slowly -
en mayor / menor grado que todos los demás most / least the most / least interesting the most / least carefully like (the) most
en mayor / menor grado que uno u más que otros more / less more / less difficult more / less loudly read more / less
en gran medida very very beautiful very well -
really really beautiful really well really enjoy
so so beautiful so well so enjoy
en grado moderado quite quite messy quite quietly quite like
en grado suficiente o el esperado enough hot enough quickly enough cook enough
en grado menos que el suficiente / el esperado almost almost ready almost as quickly almost complete
nearly nearly finished nearly as quickly nearly complete

Forma - negativa

Si se usa "not" con un adverbio de grado, el significado negativo es para el adverbio de grado y no describe necesariamente lo opuesto del adjetivo, adverbio o un verbo que describe:
Forma

Con adjetivos, se usa la palabra "not" antes del adverbio de grado.

Con adverbios y verbos, se usa la palabra "not" en la forma negativa del verbo.

Con los verbos, se puede poner el adverbio de grado antes del verbo principal y después de los verbos auxiliares, o después del verbo principal (por ejemplo, "She hasn't completely finished the meal." o "She hasn't finished the meal completely."):

significado adverbio de grado adjetivo adverbio verbo
grado excesivo too not too long not speak too loudly -
el grado máximo completely not completely different - not completely finish
or
not finish completely
en mayor / menor grado que todos los demás most / least not the most / least interesting not the most / least carefully e.g. I like this one (the) most
en mayor / menor grado que todos los demás most / least not the most / least interesting not the most / least carefully not like the most
en gran medida very not very beautiful not paint very well -
really not really beautiful not paint really well not really enjoy
so so beautiful not paint so well -
en grado suficiente o el esperado enough not hot enough not quickly enough not cook enough

"not really" puede también significar "not in reality":

Más práctica

Complete las frases con la respuesta correcta de a, b, c ó d:



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