Inicio Gramática Principiantes Pronombres: relativos

Pronombres: relativos

(Pronouns: relative)

Pronombres relativos - una introducción

who, which, that

Las oraciones de relativo nos dicen de qué persona o cosa se está hablando, o nos dan más información sobre esa persona o cosa.

Se usa "who", "which" y "that" como pronombres relativos para:
Ejemplo

  1. The man is an English teacher. He lives in London.
     
  2.    
En el segundo ejemplo, "who" introduce la cláusula relativa. La cláusula relativa debe tener un sujeto" por lo que "so" sustituye a "He" porque no se puede repetir "He" ó "The man"

La cláusula relativa dice al oyente a qué hombre se refiere el hablante.

Se usa

Ejemplo

  1. What is a fork?
     
  2.    


Más ejemplos

This is the woman. She works in my office.
This is the woman who / that works in my office.

A woman called. She wanted your email address.
The woman who / that called wanted your email address.

This is the book. I enjoyed it.
This is the book which / that I enjoyed.

Práctica

Complete las frases con "who" o "which":

  • That's the house I want to buy.
     
  • A doctor is a person looks after sick people.
     
  • The woman got the job was very clever.
     
  • The film we enjoyed the most was three hours long.
     
  • The actor is standing next to him is very famous.
     
  • An aeroplane is something flies.
     

Más práctica

Complete las frases con "who" o "which":

  • That's the dog bit him.
     
  • This is the place I saw in the book.
     
  • Mary is the singer was in the accident.
     
  • The homework I forgot to do was very important.
     
  • The woman is the new director is from the USA.
     
  • My sister lives in Australia is a nurse.
     


Se usa el pronombre relativo that para juntar dos frases en una sola frase.

  • This is the pen. It is broken.

     
  • Robert is the man. He stole my phone.

     
  • This is the house. It's the most expensive one on the street.

     
  • There's the restaurant. It isn't very good.

     

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Video lessons - 4 lessons including English for emails and presentations
 
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Dictation - 5 general English exercises
 
Dictation - 5 business English exercises